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CMS Issues Final Rule Governing the Return of Overpayments within 60 Days Print E-mail
Written by MWE.com   
Thursday, 18 February 2016 00:00

On February 11, 2016, the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) issued the much-anticipated final rule concerning Section 6402(a) of the Affordable Care Act, the so-called "60 Day Rule". This section requires Medicare and Medicaid providers, suppliers and managed care contractors to report and return an overpayment by the later of "60 days after the date upon which the overpayment was identified or the date any corresponding cost report was due, if applicable." CMS delayed adopting the rule to address public comments concerning, among other things, (1) the meaning of "identify" (i.e., what starts the 60-day clock); and (2) the length of the "lookback period." This rule is of critical importance to healthcare providers seeking to avoid liability for reverse false claims under the False Claims Act (FCA).

Under the new regulation, 42 C.F.R. ยง 401.305, the 60-day clock starts when a provider has identified an overpayment, which is defined as "when the person has, or should have through the exercise of reasonable diligence, determined that the person has received an overpayment and quantified the amount of the overpayment. A person should have determined that the person received an overpayment and quantified the amount of the overpayment if the person fails to exercise reasonable diligence and the person in fact received an overpayment." Backing off from the proposed 10-year lookback period, CMS finalized a 6-year lookback period.

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